Montana Department of Environmental Quality About Us Permitting & Operator Assistance Public Participation

Solid Waste

Solid Waste Management Section

The Montana DEQ regulates solid waste facilities in Montana, including community recycling activities. This includes municipal landfills, construction and demolition waste landfills, septic tank land application sites, motor vehicle recycling and recycling activities. These functions are achieved by technical reviews, licensing, certifications, compliance monitoring, training and technical assistance. Our goal is to assure that the environment is adequately protected from the hazards of waste disposal, and increasing recycling rates in Montana.

We provide the following services:

  • Technical review and licensing of solid waste treatment and disposal facility design and operational plans;
  • Conduct inspections of solid waste management facilities and provide technical assistance to maintain compliance;
  • License septic tank pumpers and inspect disposal sites for septic tank and sump wastes;
  • Provide training for owners and operators of solid waste disposal facilities;
  • Technical review and licensing of motor vehicle recycling and disposal facilities.
  • Reduce the volume and toxicity of solid wastes through source reduction, recycling, and composting.

    Map Showing Landfill Service Areas

Other Information:

NEW:  DEQ adopted a new rules for technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive material (TENORM) waste. 

TECHNOLOGICALLY ENHANCED NATURALLY OCCURRING RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS (TENORM) FINDINGS REPORT:  The Montana DEQ contracted technical expertise from Tetra Tech, Inc. (Tetra Tech) to assist and provide guidance in developing rules regarding disposal of technologically enhanced radioactive material (TENORM) within the State of Montana. The primary objective in development of these TENORM regulations is to ensure that they are protective of human health and the environment and are tailored to Montana.

Solid Waste Newsletters

To receive the quarterly newsletter by email subscribe to the Solid Waste email list here, enter your name and email on this page, click Submit Query, check the box for "Solid Waste Program Newsletter," and click Submit Query.

Contacts

Solid Waste Management Section 

Solid Waste Management Section Supervisor & Regulatory & Septic Tank Pumpers
Ricknold Thompson (406) 444-5345

Solid Waste & Septic Pumper
Fred Collins (406) 444-9879

Solid Waste & Septic Pumper
Andrew Ulven (406) 444-1808

Solid Waste Engineer
Tim Stepp (406) 444-4725

Solid Waste Hydrologist
Mike Eder (406) 444-1434

Materials Management Specialist
Brady Christensen (406) 444-3048

Materials Management Specialist
Dianna Robinson (406) 444-2835

Recycling Market Specialist
Dusti Johnson (406) 444-6499

Data Control Technician
Andrea Staley (406) 444-3493

Program Support Supervisor
Mary Murray (406) 444-6762

Program Support Specialist
Sara Nelsen (406) 444-3463

Web Editor
Kerri Blanton (406) 444-2891

Important Dates to Remember


Payment Due Date
Total Payment Due After July 1, before July 31   OR
1st Quarter Payment Due After July 1, before July 31
2nd Quarter Payment Due October 1
3rd Quarter Payment Due January 1
4th Quarter Payment Due April 1
Financial Assurance and Renewal Applications Due April 1

Landfills

Click on a link below to open the application form. The form may then be completed online, printed, and mailed with all required attachments to the address below. 

Mailing Address:

License and Operating Fees

Facility Class Application Review Fee Annual License Fee Annual Disposal Fee/Ton License Transfer Fee
Major Class II facility $12,000 $4,200 $0.40 $600
Intermediate Class II facility $9,000 $3,600 $0.40 $480
Minor Class II facility $6,000 $3,000 $0.40 $360
Major Class III facility $3,600 $1,200 $0.40 $240
Minor Class III facility $2,400 $600 $0.40 $180
Major Class IV facility $3,600 $1,200 $0.40 $240
Minor Class IV facility $2,400 $600 $0.40 $180
Major incinerator $12,000 $4,200 $0.40 $600
Intermediate incinerator $9,000 $3,600 $0.40 $480
Minor incinerator $600 $3,000 $0.40 $360

Household Hazardous Waste or E-Waste Collection Event

If you plan to sponsor a Household Hazardous Waste Collection Event and or an Electronics Waste Collection Event you must obtain a license first.  The license is valid for one year and the sponsor may hold numerous events during that license year.  However, Department notification and the submittal of an updated operation and maintenance plan is required prior to subsequent events.  Please submit license applications 30-days prior to the planned event.
Click on the link below to open the application form.  The form may then be completed online, printed, and mailed with all required attachments to the address below
Waste Management and Remediation 
Waste and Underground Tank Management Bureau
Solid Waste Program
PO Box 200901
Helena, MT 59620-0901
License Application:
No Fee Required

Monitoring Well Forms

Becoming a licensed landfill facility

The links below provide information and forms required to become a licensed landfill facility in Montana.

 

Fee Schedule
Licensing and Operation Fees

ARM 17.50.401


Important Dates to Remember 


Payment Due Date
Total Payment Due After July 1, before July 31   OR
1st Quarter Payment Due After July 1, before July 31
2nd Quarter Payment Due October 1
3rd Quarter Payment Due January 1
4th Quarter Payment Due April 1
Financial Assurance and Renewal Applications Due April 1

License Requirements

  • A license is required (see Rules and Statutes) from the DEQ for the disposal of solid waste and for the operation of a solid waste management system.
  • Solid waste" means all putrescible and nonputrescible wastes, including but not limited to garbage, rubbish, refuse, ashes, sludge from sewage treatment plants, water supply treatment plants or air pollution control facilities; construction and demolition wastes; dead animals; discarded home and industrial appliances; and wood products or byproducts and inert materials. Solid waste does not mean municipal sewage, industrial wastewater effluents, mining wastes, slash and forest debris regulated by the Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation, or marketable wood byproducts.
  • The on-site disposal of solid wastes from a person's household or farm and certain categories of on-site industrial waste disposal operations are excluded from this licensing requirement.
  • A geographic image file of open and closed landfills is available.   Also, visit the Montana State Library GIS application to interactively build maps & create reports containing Montana data.

Septic Tank Pumpers Important Dates

Licenses expire December 31.  Septic Tank Pumper renewal applications must be received by the Department of Environmental Quality no later than January 31.

Licensees have until April 1, to renew their licenses without a late fee.  After April 1 the late fee is an additional $125.00.  After April 1 the Department may assess additional penalties for operators who are pumping without their licenses.


Septic Tank Pumper Program Forms

Please submit any completed forms to:

Montana Department of Environmental Quality
Solid Waste Management Section
P.O. Box 200901
Helena, MT 59620-0901

Use the links to the forms below to apply for a new Septic Tank Pumper License or to renew a current Septic Tank Pumper License.

Licensing and Disposal Site Forms Format
Application (New Pumper) Download PDF | Download Word
New Disposal Site Application (One form for each site) Download PDF | Download Word
Renewal Application Download PDF | Download Word
Operation and Maintenance Outline Download PDF | Download Word
Vehicle Inspection Form Download PDF | Download Word
Permission Slips
Disposal Site Permission Slip Download PDF | Download Word
Fire Season Permission Slip Download PDF | Download Word
Disposal Records
Holding Tank Summary Log Form Download Word
Land Application Summary Log Form Download Word
Wastewater Treatment Summary Log Form Download Word

 

The Septic Tank Pumper Program reviews and licenses Cesspool, Septic Tank, and Pit Privy Cleaners.  We also inspect disposal sites for septic tank, grease trap, and sump wastes.

Guides

 Name Format
Septic Pumper Guide - 2.3 MB Septic Pumper Guide PDF document 
Montana Homeowner's Guide to Septic Systems Montana Homeowners Guide to Septic Systems PDF document
The Counties' Guide for Approving Septage Land Application Sites Counties Guide for Approving Septage Land Application Sites PDF document

 

Landfill Locations and Materials Information 

Landfill Locations & Materials Accepted Excel file

Anaconda and Deer Lodge County
(20 KB)

Billings
(35 KB)

Bozeman and Gallatin County
(17 KB)

Broadwater County, Townsend

Butte-Silver Bow

Choteau and Teton County
(16 KB)

Great Falls and Cascade County

Havre
(23 KB)

Helena and Lewis and Clark County
(41 KB)

Jefferson County (Scroll down or click on FAQ)

Kalispell and Flathead Valley
(961 KB)

Lake County
(554 KB)

Livingston & Park County
(23 KB)

Miles City
(72 KB)

Missoula
(27 KB)

Ravalli County

Sanders County

Yellowstone Area
(83 KB)

Fort Belknap: Aluminum cans are collected in recycling containers at Hays, Lodge Pole, and Fort Belknap Agency. The Fort Belknap Environmental Department is asking tribal programs, businesses, and local schools to participate, as well as the public.

The Earth 911.org

Earth 911 is a cool, interactive website that provides information on recycling and pollution prevention. Just type in your zip code to find recycling locations and learn what and where to recycle near you. If there is no local recycling, the site lists the nearest recycling centers.


Recycling Facility

A Solid Waste Management System is a system that controls the storage, treatment, recycling, recovery, or disposal of solid waste.  A license from the Solid Waste Program is required for the operation of a solid waste management system.  A recycling facility that is not regulated under the Motor Vehicle Recycling and Disposal Program must be licensed by the Solid Waste Program.

ARM 17.50.403(36) defines recycling as:

"Recycling" means the process by which materials otherwise destined for disposal are collected, reprocessed or remanufactured, and reused.

Further, reuse, recyclables, and recycling facility are defined as follows:

ARM 17.50.403(43) "Reuse" is the use of a product more than once in its same form for the same purpose; e.g., a soft drink bottle is reused when it is returned to the bottling company for refilling;

ARM 17.50.403(35) "Recyclables" are materials that still have useful physical or chemical properties after serving their original purpose and that can, therefore, be reused or remanufactured into additional products; and,

ARM 17.50.403(37) "Recycling facility" means a facility, generally open to the public, that handles only source-separated or presorted material for the purpose of recycling either in bulk or in container(s) with a total site capacity of more than 40 cubic yards.

Click on a link below to open the application form.  The form may then be completed online, printed, and mailed with all required attachments to the address below.

Permitting & Compliance Division
Waste and Underground Tank Management Bureau
Solid Waste Program
PO Box 200901
Helena, MT 59620-0901

New License Application:

No Fee Required

Major Composting Information

Major Compost Facility is a composting operation that does not meet the definition of minor compost facility.  Facilities that accept sewage sludge, biosolids, or septage for composting are major composters.

*Minor Compost Facility* is a composting operation that:

  • Has less than two acres of active working area;
  • Accepts less than 5,000 cubic yards of feedstock annually; 
  • Produces less than 2,500 cubic yards of compost annually; and
  • Does not accept sewage sludge, biosolids, or septage.

Click on a link below to open the application form. The form may then be completed online, printed, and mailed with all required attachments to the address below.

Waste Management and Remediation Division
Waste and Underground Tank Management Bureau
Solid waste Program
PO Box 200901
Helena, MT 59620-0901

Fees:

Operation Size Application Review Fee Annual License Fee Annual Disposal Fee/Ton License Transfer Fee
Major Compost Facility $3,600 $1,800 $0.00 $480
Minor Compost Facility $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Solid Waste Advisory Committee (S.W.A.C.)

Mission Statement: To enhance communication and the working relationship between the Department and solid waste management facility owners/operators, through the discussion of issues and the exchange of ideas.


Committee Members

Representing Name Address
Small Western Class II Landfills Vacant  
Compost Public/Private Jim Simon PO Box 461
Three Forks MT 59752
Phone: (406) 284-4029
Fax: (406) 582-2491
Transfer Stations Mark Nelson 113 N Reservoir Rd
Polson MT 59860-2125
Phone: (406) 883-7325
Fax: (406) 883-7326
Small Eastern Class II Landfills Vacant  
Major Public Class II Landfills Barb Butler 4848 Midland Rd
Billings MT 59102
Phone: (406) 247-8633
Fax: (406) 247-8626
MACo/Class III Landfills and Burn Sites Mary Louise Hendrickson 515 Broadway
Townsend MT 59644
Phone: (406) 980-2055
Private Intermediate Class II Landfills  Dave Duffy 3630 York Rd
Helena MT 59602-8815
Phone (406) 227-6300
Fax: (406) 227-0188
Public Intermediate Class II Landfills Vacant  
Landfarms  Joe Aline PO Box 1279
Great Falls MT 59403-1279
Phone (406) 727-3537
Fax: (406) 727-9995
Major Private Class II Landfills John Collins 3737 Coal Mine Rd
Missoula MT 59802
Phone (406) 317-3278
DEQ Solid Waste Program  Ricknold Thompson PO Box 200901
Helena MT 59620-0901
Phone (406) 444-5345
Fax: (406) 444-1374

S.W.A.C. Meetings 

S.W.A.C. meets the first week of the first month of each quarter and as needed. The next meeting is scheduled for:

Thursday, January 7, 2021, 1:30-3:00 PM

LINK TO MEETING: https://mt-gov.zoom.us/j/99552050006?pwd=Kzk4ODc4TG42OUliMkkwQ3E3NHJXUT09
ID: 995 5205 0006
PASSWORD: 527 879

CALL-IN 406-444-9999
ID: 995 5205 0006
PASSWORD: 527 879

FIND YOUR LOCAL NUMBER: https://mt-gov.zoom.us/u/aeGVwLXasa


Meeting Minutes

Beneficial Use of Industrial Waste/By-Products

The Department of Environmental Quality recognizes that diverting non-hazardous industrial and manufacturing by-products for recycling saves disposal costs for the generator, decreases material costs for end users, and preserves natural resources by decreasing the demand for virgin materials.  In addition, the Department encourages the beneficial use of industrial by-products to protect the environment, preserve resources, conserve energy, reduce greenhouse gases, and reduce or eliminate the need to otherwise dispose of these materials in licensed landfills.  Unless these non-hazardous waste industrial or manufacturing by-products are used in an approved beneficial manner, they are to be managed as a solid waste.

A Beneficial Use Determination (BUD) is a determination that an industrial or manufacturing by-product material, otherwise destined for disposal, will be used in a specific and beneficial manner.  In an effort to encourage diversion from the solid waste stream, the Department’s approval of the BUD exempts the individual proposing to use this material from obtaining a solid waste management system license for the specific use identified.  As long as the material is used in compliance with the approved BUD, there is no requirement for a solid waste license.

Click on a link below to open the application form.  The form may then be completed online, printed, and mailed with all required attachments to the address below.

Waste Management & Remediation 
Waste and Underground Tank Management Bureau
Waste Management Section
PO Box 200901
Helena, MT 59620-0901

Beneficial Use Determination Guidance and Application:

Beneficial Use of Industrial Waste/By-Products Guidance and Application Form

Beneficial Use Determination Annual Reporting Form:

Beneficial Use Determination Annual Reporting Form

No Fee Required


Soil Treatment Facilities (Landfarm)

"Landfarm facility" is a solid waste management system engaged in the controlled remediation through landfarm treatment technologies of non-hazardous contaminated soil that is not subject to regulation under the underground storage tank/leaking underground storage tank statutes and rules found in Title 75, chapter 11, MCA, and ARM Title 17, chapter 56.

"Major landfarm facility" is a facility that has 8,000 cubic yards or more of contaminated soil, from single or multiple events, undergoing treatment and accepted for treatment at the facility at any time during a calendar year.

"Intermediate landfarm facility" is a facility that has more than 1,600 cubic yards but less than 8,000 cubic yards of contaminated soil, from single or multiple events, undergoing treatment and accepted for treatment at the facility at any time during a calendar year.

"Minor landfarm facility" is a facility that has up to 1,600 cubic yards of contaminated soil from single or multiple events either undergoing treatment or accepted for treatment at the facility.

"One-time landfarm" is a facility for remediation of less than 1,600 cubic yards of non-hazardous contaminated soil generated from a single event, regardless of the source.


Click on a link below to open the application form.  The form may then be completed online, printed, and mailed with all required attachments to the address below.

Waste Management & Remediation 
Waste and Underground Tank Management Bureau
Solid Waste Program
PO Box 200901
Helena, MT 59620-0901

New License Application:

Guide and Reports:

Fees:


Landfarm Facility Type

Application Review Fee
Annual License Fee Annual Disposal
Fee/Ton
License Transfer
Fee
Major landfarm facility $3,600 $1,800 $0.40 $600
Intermediate landfarm facility $2,400 $1,200 $0.40 $480
Minor landfarm facility $1,200 $600 $0.40 $360
One-time landfarm
(≥800 cubic yds)
$500 $0 $0.00 $0
One-time landfarm
(<800 cubic yds)
$200 $0 $0.00 $0

 

Biodiesel Facility


 

Biodiesel is a renewable fuel produced from agricultural resources such as vegetable oils. Most biodiesel is made from soybean oil; however canola oil, sunflower oil, recycled cooking oils, food waste, and animal fats are also used.

Biodiesel production facilities that produce biodiesel from waste cooking oil and who produce more than 2,500-gallons of biodiesel per year must obtain a Class II Solid Waste Management System License. The license must be renewed annually. Fees associated with the license application and license renewal are noted below.

Biodiesel production facilities that produce biodiesel from waste cooking oil and who produce less than 2,500-gallons per year for personal use must obtain a Small Biodiesel Production Facility license. The license is free, but requires an annual license renewal.

Click on a link below to open the application form. The form may then be completed online, printed, and mailed with all required attachments to the address below.


Click on a link below to open the application form. The form may then be completed online, printed, and mailed with all required attachments to the address below.

Waste Management & Remediation 
Waste and Underground Tank Management Bureau
Solid waste Program
PO Box 200901
Helena, MT 59620-0901

License Renewal Application:

  • Small Biodiesel Production Application - updated form pending

Fees:

Facility Class Application Review Fee Annual License Fee Annual Disposal Fee/Ton License Transfer Fee
Major Class II Facility $12,000 $4,200 $0.40 $600
Intermediate Class II Facility $9,000 $3,600 $0.40 $480
Minor Class II Facility $6,000 $3,000 $0.40 $360

Resource Recovery

 

Resource recovery is always a component of recycling. However, not all recycling is resource recovery. The processing of recyclables to either (a) extract or recover materials/resources, or (b) convert to energy, is considered resource recovery. These activities are performed at a resource recovery facility.

ARM 17.50.403(40) defines Resource Recovery as follows:

  • 'Resource recovery' means the recovery of material or energy from solid waste.

Further, resource recover facility and resource recovery system are further defined as follows:

  • ARM 17.50.403(41) 'Resource recovery facility' means a facility at which solid waste is processed for the purpose of extracting, converting to energy, or otherwise separating and preparing solid waste for reuse; and,
  • ARM 17.50.403(42) 'Resource recover system' means a solid waste management system which provides for the collection, separation, recycling, or recover of solid wastes, including disposal of nonrecoverable waste residues.

Click on a link below to open the application form. The form may then be completed online, printed, and mailed with all required attachments to the address below.

 

Mailing Address:

Waste Management & Remediation 
Waste and Underground Tank Management Bureau
Solid waste Program
PO Box 200901
Helena, MT 59620-0901
 

 

Fee:

Facility Class Application Review Fee Annual License Fee Annual Disposal Fee/Ton License Transfer Fee
Major Class II facility $12,000 $4,200 $0.40 $600
Intermediate Class II facility $9,000 $3,600 $0.40 $480
Minor Class II facility $6,000 $3,000 $0.40 $360
Major Class III facility $3,600 $1,200 $0.40 $240
Minor Class III facility $2,400 $600 $0.40 $180
Major Class IV facility $3,600 $1,200 $0.40 $240
Minor Class IV facility $2,400 $600 $0.40 $180
Major incinerator $12,000 $4,200 $0.40 $600
Intermediate incinerator $9,000 $3,600 $0.40 $480
Minor incinerator $600 $3,000 $0.40 $360

Infectious Waste Transporter

Click on the link below to open the registration form.  The form may then be completed online, printed, and mailed with all required attachments to the address below.
 

Waste Management & Remediation 
Waste and Underground Tank Management Bureau
Solid Waste Section
PO Box 200901
Helena, MT 59620-0901

Registration Form:

Rules

No Fee Required


Anthrax Disposal Concerns

Rick Thompson
Solid Waste Management Section Supervisor
July 2002

In light of the recent events involving anthrax being delivered through the mail and the negative effects it has caused among the population disposal concerns have arisen. One of the resulting consequences of the bio-terrorism now affecting our nation is how to properly dispose of the waste produced when material such as paper and clothing that are suspected to have come in contact with the anthrax spores.

Anthrax is not a contagious disease. It is caused by a bacteria that can be spread in its dormant, or spore, form and is harmful only if a large enough dose is inhaled, ingested, or introduced into an open cut or wound. Anthrax occurs naturally in soil at locations throughout Montana. Landfill disposal for exposed or potentially exposed materials is safe because the spores are not transmissive to the ground water and the landfill environment is not conducive for their proliferation.

For further information please contact Dr. Steven Helgerson, DPHHS State Medical Director/State Epidemiologist at (406) 444-1286.

Solid Waste Management Section Training and Lending Library


No Current Trainings at this time.
For questions or comments about trainings, please contact Fred Collins at fcollins2@mt.gov.

Presentations

The presentations listed below have been used by the state to train septic pumpers. They have been published on the website to provide reference material for the regulated community. Click on the links below to view each presentation:

Solid Waste DVD Lending Library

Contact the Solid Waste Program at deqswprogram@mt.gov or 406-444-5300 to borrow DVDs. The loan period is 14 days.
Number Landfill Titles
   
LF-00 Machine Maintenance
LF-01 The Basics of Landfill Safety
LF-03 Equipment Safety - General
LF-05 Working in Dusty Conditions
LF-06 Traffic Safety/Road Design
LF-09 Dozer Safety - General
LF-10 Spotter Safety - Communicating with Drivers
LF-13 Working in Extreme Weather - Hot Weather
LF-14 Preventing Landfill Fires
LF-21 Extreme Conditions - Rain Storms/Wet Weather
LF-40 Equipment Safety - Scraper
LF-41 Methane Gas Safety
LF-43 Working in Extreme Conditions - Cold Weather Phase 1
LF-44.1 Extreme Conditions - Cold Weather Phase 2
LF-44.2 Working in Extreme Conditions - Cold Weather Phase 2
LF-47.1 Slope Stability - Excavation Slopes
LF-47.2 Slope Stability - Excavation Slopes
LF-55 Leachate Management & Handling
LF-70 Landfill Odors: Safety Issues
Number                    Transfer Station Titles                       
TS-01 The Basics of Transfer Station Safety
TS-03 Equipment Safety - General Issues
TS-06 Bloodborne Pathogens
TS-28 Dealing With Unruly Customers

Motor Vehicle Recycling & Disposal Program Training

For more information, please contact Brady Christensen, 406-444-3048 at bchristensen@mt.gov or Andrea Staley, 406-444-3463 at astaley@mt.gov