Montana Department of Environmental Quality About Us Permitting & Operator Assistance Public Participation

Hazardous Waste

Program Overview

Welcome to the Montana Department of Environmental Quality's (DEQ) Hazardous Materials Section of the Waste Management & Remediation Division. The Hazardous Materials Section provides expertise in hazardous waste management and is responsible for permitting, compliance assurance, and technical assistance for hazardous waste and used oil management in Montana.

The Hazardous Materials Section is responsible for regulating storage, treatment, transport, and disposal of hazardous waste and used oil for all hazardous waste handlers in the State of Montana. In addition, the Unit provides technical assistance to, and conducts inspections of, hazardous waste generators of all sizes throughout Montana. The State is divided into two coverage areas with one employee assigned to each area.

Persons who transport hazardous wastes are required to notify the DEQ and to obtain an identification number. Persons who generate hazardous waste (with certain exceptions) are required to maintain an annual generator registration and to pay a registration fee each year, in addition to obtaining an EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) identification number.


What's New

In 2022, the Hazardous Waste Program will propose revisions to hazardous waste provisions of the Administrative Rules of Montana.  The proposed revisions incorporate federal hazardous waste rules and increase hazardous waste handler and permitting fees.  The Hazardous Waste Program is hosting meetings in Billings and Helena to discuss the proposed rule revisions and proposed fee increases.  Please go to Public Meetings for a fact sheet and meeting information.


Permitting

A permit from the DEQ is required to construct or operate a hazardous waste treatment, storage, and disposal facility in the State. Permits are issued to ensure hazardous waste facilities are operated in a manner that protects human health and the environment. Permits also require historical releases be cleaned up appropriately. This entails facility soil and groundwater investigations, risk assessments, and review of potential clean up remedies. 


Generator Improvement Rule

EPA’s Generator Improvement Rule (GIR) is the first significant revision to the generator rule in more than 30 years.  The rule provides for greater flexibility and clarity in waste management.  For more information, link to EPA’s GIR webpage: https://www.epa.gov/hwgenerators/final-rule-hazardous-waste-generator-improvements. DEQ has not adopted the GIR.  DEQ is developing compliance assistance material and a planned incorporation by reference rule notice to adopt these changes.  We will keep you updated on the schedule for rule adoption.

If you have any questions about the GIR or e-Manifest, please don’t hesitate to contact the Hazardous Waste Program at (406) 444-5300.


Service Provider Listings

You may view and/or print the following lists of available service providers:

For more information please contact the Hazardous Waste Section's Regional Regulatory Personnel.


Records Request

Please follow this link when requestion public records:  Requesting Public Records and Information 


Household Hazardous Waste & E-Waste

Information about household hazardous waste and e-waste are available here: Recycling and Waste.

Contacts

Montana Hazardous Materials Office Contacts

Main Line
(406) 444-5300


Hazardous Waste Program Contacts

Section Supervisor
Denise Brunett (406) 444-4096

Hazardous Waste Permits
Rebecca Holmes (406) 444-2876

Hazardous Waste Regulatory
Jennifer Strause (406) 431-3148

Data Control Specialist
Kerri Blanton (406) 444-2891 

Overview

The Montana Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) has adopted hazardous waste regulations which are equivalent to those promulgated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  Generally, this was done by citing the federal regulations found in Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations (40 CFR).  

The Administrative Rule of Montana (ARM) provide the regulations for hazardous waste generators in Montana.  These regulations require a generator of a waste to determine if the waste is a hazardous waste.  A hazardous waste generator must determine his generator size and to adhere to all applicable hazardous waste regulations.

It is important to note that other state government agencies or city/county regulatory agencies may have requirements which are not covered on this website.  For example, the Department of Transportation has requirements for transporting hazardous waste.   

Hazardous Waste Types

Hazardous Waste can be of two types: characteristic and listed.

CHARACTERISTIC HAZARDOUS WASTES:

These hazardous wastes are hazardous due to having any of the following four characteristics: ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity, or toxicity.

LISTED HAZARDOUS WASTES

These hazardous wastes have been determined to be harmful to human health and the environment. Listed hazardous waste appear on one of four (4) lists, "F," "K," ",P" or "U."

NOTE: "P" listed wastes are acute hazardous wastes. These wastes are regulated more stringently because they are so dangerous to the environment and humans. 

Types of Hazardous Waste (Characteristic and Listed)
Types of Hazardous Waste Information Types of Hazardous Waste PDF document

Hazardous Waste Generators

A hazardous waste generator is any person, by site, whose act or process produces hazardous waste or whose act first causes a hazardous waste to become subject to regulation.

Hazardous waste generators fall into one of three categories (large, small, or conditionally exempt small) depending upon the total amount of hazardous waste generated in any calendar month, and/or how much hazardous waste has been accumulated on site.

See also the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Hazardous Waste Generators website.


Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity

These generators produce less than 220 pounds of non-acute hazardous waste in any calendar month or no more than 2.2 pounds of acute hazardous waste in any month. If a CESQG accumulates more than 2,200 pounds of hazardous waste, all hazardous waste on site becomes subject to regulation as if generated by a small quantity generator. If a CESQG generates more than 2.2 pounds of acute hazardous waste in any month, or accumulates more than 2.2 pounds of acute hazardous waste at any time, all hazardous waste on site becomes subject to regulation as if generated by a large quantity generator.

Requirements:
  • Determine which generated wastes are hazardous.
  • Keep records of waste analysis for three years.
  • Dispose of hazardous waste only at a legitimate recycling facility, a permitted TSDF, or a Class II landfill. (Note: Please ensure the waste is in a solid state and you have the landfill operator's permission.)
  • May treat, recycle, or reclaim waste on-site. (Note: Contact your Regional Regulatory Personnel for requirements.)

Small Quantity Generators (SQG's)

These generators produce between 220 pounds and 2,200 pounds of non-acute hazardous waste in any calendar month. If a SQG generates more than 2.2 pounds of acute hazardous waste in any month, all hazardous waste on site becomes subject to regulation as if generated by a large generator. SQG's may accumulate up to 13,228 pounds of hazardous waste on-site. However, accumulation time limits, as described below, must be adhered to.

Requirements:
  • SQG's must obtain an EPA identification number and register with the Montana Department of Environmental Quality. An EPA notification form may be obtained by contacting the Hazardous Waste Section at (406) 444-5300.
  • Small and large generators of hazardous waste must submit a completed Notification of RCRA Subtitle C Activity Form (EPA Form 8700-12) and a payment of a $225.00 registration fee, in accordance with Montana Hazardous Waste Administrative Rules (ARM) 17.53.113. If you are required to register and fail to do so, you may be subject to enforcement actions including penalties. Submit your completed Notification Form and a $225.00 registration fee to:
     
    Montana Department of Environmental Quality
    Waste and Underground Tank Management Bureau
    Hazardous Waste Section
    P.O. Box 200901
    Helena, Montana 59620-0901


    After your completed Notification Form and registration fee have been received, you will be sent a written acknowledgement which will include your EPA Identification Number.
  • Hazardous waste may be accumulated on-site for up to 180 days. If the waste must be transported more than 200 miles for recovery, treatment, or disposal, it may be accumulated for up to 270 days.
  • Accumulation containers and tanks must be marked with the words, "Hazardous Waste" and the date accumulation began, or when the waste first became subject to regulation.
  • SQG's and LQG's may accumulate as much as 55 gallons of non-acute hazardous waste at or near the point of generation. This container, known as a satellite accumulation container, must be marked with the words, "Hazardous Waste" or with words which describe its contents.
  • Both, accumulation and satellite containers must remain closed unless adding or removing wastes.
  • A log book is recommended to ensure compliance with appropriate requirements. The log must provide the following information: the hazardous waste generated per month by date, the EPA waste code(s), the quantity, and which hazardous wastes have been removed from accumulation.
  • Hazardous waste must be transported to a permitted TSDF.
  • A hazardous waste manifest, or tolling agreement, must be used for nay shipments of hazardous waste off site.
  • Emergency contacts and phone numbers must be posted next to telephones. In addition, locations of fire extinguishers and spill control material must also be posted by phones.
  • Annual reports are required to be completed and submitted to MT DEQ by March 1 of each year.
  • Copies of annual reports, manifests, and waste analysis must be maintained on-site for three years.

Large Quantity Generators (LQG's)

These generators produce more than 2,200 pounds of non-acute hazardous waste in any calendar month, or more than 2.2 pounds of acute hazardous waste in any month.

Requirements:
  • Must adhere to all small generator hazardous waste requirements.
  • May accumulate hazardous waste for up to 90 days without a permit.
  • Must maintain a written contingency plan on site and must submit copies to local police and fire departments, hospitals, and emergency response teams. For additional emergency requirements, please refer to Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 265 subparts C and D.

 Site Status Classification

These are the classification definitions for active, closed or inactive sites.

Active

A site is designated as active when the person or business located at the site is generating and/or handling regulated waste subject to hazardous waste, universal waste, or used oil management regulations under the Montana Hazardous Waste Act.

Closed

A site is designated as closed when the business located at the site is out of operation and regulated wastes subject to hazardous waste, universal waste, or used oil management regulations under the Montana Hazardous Waste Act are no longer generated and/or handled. This is a Montana-specific classification.

Inactive

A site is designated as inactive when the business located at the site is not generating and/or handling regulated waste subject to hazardous waste, universal waste, or used oil management regulations under the Montana Hazardous Waste Act. This is a Montana-specific classification.

NOTE: This summary does not cover requirements from other federal, state, or local agencies such as OSHA or the State Fire Marshall.


A Guide to Hazardous Waste and Used Oil Management in Montana

The Hazardous Waste Program has prepared a computer CD entitled "A Guide to Hazardous Waste and Used Oil Management in Montana" which provides additional information. A copy of that CD may be obtained by contacting the Hazardous Waste Program at (406) 444-5300.

 

Overview of Hazardous Waste

Please note this table is a summary of requirements; other state, city, or county regulations may apply to the management of hazardous waste.

Generators Requirements(§ are 40 CFR unless otherwise noted, for regulation specifics go to Electronic Code of Federal Regulations)



Management Standards
Conditionally Exempt Generators
Small Generators


Large Generators
Waste Determination Yes
§262.11
Yes
§262.12
Yes
§262.12
Acute Hazardous Waste Accumulates or generates 2.2 pounds or less
§§261.5 (a) and (e)
Not Applicable Accumulates or generates more than 2.2 pounds at any time.
§§Part 262 and 261.5(e)
Generation Rates -  Non-acute Hazardous Waste Less than 220 pounds per any calendar month
§261.5(a)
Between 220 pounds and 2,200 pounds per any calendar month
§262.34(d)
More than 2,200 pounds per any calendar month
§262.34(b)
EPA Identification Number and Registration Not Required Required
§262.12
Required
§262.12
Satellite Accumulation  Containers No requirements; recommend closed and properly marked
§261.5
Closed and marked with words, "Hazardous Waste", or description of contents
§262.34(a)(iv)(B)(3) and (c)(1)(ii)
Closed and marked with words, "Hazardous Waste", or description of contents
§262.34(a)(iv)(B)(3) and (c)(1)(ii)
Accumulation Container Markings Recommended
§261.5
Words "Hazardous Waste" and date accumulation begins
§§262.31 - 262.32
Words "Hazardous Waste" and date accumulation begins
§§262.31 - 262.32
Closed Accumulation Containers Recommended
§261.5
Yes Yes
Container & Tank Requirements Recommended
§261.5
Comply with 40 CFR 265 subparts I & J Comply with 40 CFR 265 subparts I & J
Accumulation Time Limits None.  If more than 2,200 pounds of non-acute hazardous waste are accumulated, all hazardous waste must be regulated as if generated by a small generator.
§261.5
180 days if transported less than 200 miles, 270 days if transported more than 200 miles.  May accumulate up to 13,228 pounds of non-acute hazardous waste.
§262.34
90 days
§262.34
TSDF for Disposall Not Required Required
§262.20(a)(1)
Required
§262.20(a)(1)
Manifest Not Required Required
§§262.20 - 262.23
Required
§§262.20 - 262.23
Record Keeping

3 years for test results, waste analysis, or other waste determinations.
§261.5

3 years for manifest, annual reports, waste analysis
§§262.40 - 262.44
3 years for manifest, annual reports, waste analysis
§§262.40 - 262.44
Log of Monthly Generation Rates Recommended Recommended Recommended
Annual Reports Not Required Required
ARM 17.53.603
Required
§§262.41 and ARM 17.53.603
Emergency/ Contingency Plan

Written emergency plans & emergency phone numbers listed by phones recommended
§261.5

Emergency coordinator & fire department phone numbers, and location of extinguishers & spill material
§262.34(d)
Written contingency plans maintained on site and submitted to local police & fire departments, hospitals and local emergency teams.  Adhere to  ARM 17.53.601 requirements.
§262.34(a)(5)

 

Nationwide, all Small Quantity and Large Quantity Generators of hazardous waste are required to utilize a multipage Uniform Hazardous Waste Manifest (EPA Form 8700-22) to track their shipments of hazardous waste.  All parties (i.e. the generator, transporter(s), and the receiving facility) that handle the waste are required to:

  • Sign and date the manifest.
  • Retain copies of the manifest for three years.

The receiving facility must send a copy, which verifies receipt of the waste, back to the generator.

Montana does not require the receiving facility or the generator to, routinely, send a copy of the manifest to the Hazardous Waste Section.


e-Manifest

EPA’s electronic manifest system for tracking hazardous waste shipments has gone into effect nationwide.  For more information, link to EPA’s e-manifest webpage: https://www.epa.gov/e-manifest 
 

 

For more information, contact the Hazardous Waste Program at (406) 444-5300.

The Montana Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) has adopted hazardous waste regulations which are equivalent to those promulgated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).  The following information provides a look at these hazardous waste regulations and should help you determine your regulatory status and your requirements for transporting hazardous waste in Montana. 

Be aware there are some differences between the Montana transporter requirements and the Federal transporter requirements.  In addition, the information provided here does not address the transporter regulations of the U.S. Department of Transportation or the Montana Department of Transportation.

The following sections summarize what these differences are and what effect they can have on hazardous waste handlers in Montana:

The 1985 Montana Legislature gave the DEQ the authority for the registration of hazardous waste transporters who operate in Montana.  Under the Federal Program regulations, a hazardous waste transporter is required to notify once only, in the state in which the business is headquartered, and may operate nationwide with this single EPA identification number.  That notification requires the submittal of the EPA "Notification of RCRA Subtitle C Activity" form.  That form may be obtained from the Hazardous Waste Program at (406) 444-5300 or on-line.  The Montana DEQ requires all hazardous waste transporters who maintain depots, terminals, offices, or transfer facilities in Montana, register with the DEQ and identify each of those sites they maintain in the state.  There is no fee for registration, and registration renewal is accomplished every three years.  This transporter registration requirement does not apply to out-of-state transporters who merely pass through Montana or who only pick up or deliver wastes at locations in Montana without having any terminals, depots, offices, or transfer facilities in the state.  The registration forms may be obtained by contacting the Hazardous Waste Program at (406) 444-5300 or on-line at twr/assistance.
The Montana Department of Environmental Quality adopted, by incorporation the hazardous waste transporter requirements found in 40 CFR 263.  Those rules require hazardous waste transporters to:
  • properly track hazardous waste shipments,
  • maintain shipping records, and
  • respond to spills and discharges of hazardous waste.

A Montana Hazardous Waste Transporter Registration Form, and a Transporter Service List Form are available on-line.  A transporter who wishes to transport hazardous wastes into Montana from a foreign country or mix hazardous waste of different DOT shipping descriptions should contact DEQ or your Regional Regulatory Personnel for more information.

For more information, please see our GUIDE TO MONTANA HAZARDOUS WASTE TRANSPORTER RULES


 In addition, you may view and/or print the following lists of available service providers:

Note: If you wish to terminate your Transporter Registration with the State of Montana, you must submit the Termination of Hazardous Waste Transporter Form to the Hazardous Waste Program available here: Notification & Registration Forms.

For more information on the transporter standards and/or to obtain an EPA Notification Form 8700-12, please contact:

Department of Environmental Quality
Waste and Underground Tank Management Bureau
Hazardous Materials Section
by telephone at 406-444-5300
or write to P.O. Box 200901
Helena, Montana 59620-0901

Hazardous Waste Transfer Facilities

Per Federal regulations, 40 CFR 263.12, a transfer facility is an area used to temporarily store containerized hazardous wastes in route to a treatment, storage or disposal facility such as loading docks, parking areas, storage areas, and other similar areas. A transporter may hold waste at a transfer facility without a storage permit as long as the hazardous waste shipment is:

  • Being held during the normal course of transportation,
  • Manifested,
  • Being kept in DOT specification containers and,
  • Being held for 10 days or less.

However, the 1987 Montana legislature passed legislative amendments specifying additional requirements for transfer facilities operated by hazardous waste transporters. They are:

Transfer facilities meeting the State definition of a Commercial Transfer Facility, as defined by ARM 17.53.301 (2) (d), which states “a transfer facility owned or operated by a commercial for-hire transporter and in which the major purpose of the commercial transfer facility is the collection, storage, and transfer of hazardous waste; that is, over 50% of the materials moved through the commercial transfer facility are hazardous waste, or greater than 100 tons of materials moved through the commercial transfer facility per year are hazardous waste. The term ‘commercial for-hire transporter’ refers to a transporter who conducts transportation activity on a commercial basis, as opposed to a transporter that is the same business entity as the generator.” are subject to public hearing requirements of 75-10-441, MCA at the site proposal stage and annual reporting requirements ARM 17.53.708. Annual reports are due by March 1 of each year and will be submitted on a form obtained from the Montana Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ) or on-line at: twr/assistance .

UNIVERSAL WASTES (UW):

are specific hazardous wastes which are destined for recycling.

They include:

  1. spent batteries other than lead-acid batteries;
  2. suspended or canceled pesticides which are subject to a recall, or pesticides which are collected or managed as part of a waste pesticide collection program;
  3. mercury containing equipment; and
  4. spent fluorescent, tubes, or incandescent bulbs which are hazardous due to heavy metals.

Specific regulations cover the activities of the following entities which might manage Universal Waste:

  • UW Generator:  is any person, by site, whose actions first produce a UW;
  • Small Quantity Handler of UW:  receives UW from other handlers and sends it to other UW facilities, and never accumulates more than 5,000 kilograms of UW at any time;
  • Large Quantity Handler of UW:  receives UW from other handlers and sends it to other UW facilities, and accumulates more than 5,000 kilograms of UW at any time;
  • UW Transporter:  transports UW by air, rail, highway, or water;
  • UW Transfer Facility:  is a transportation related site, where UW may be held, during transportation, for not more than 10 days;
  • UW Destination Facility:  treats, recycles, or disposes of the UW.

** Note:  Household waste is not regulated as either a hazardous or a universal waste.


UW Regulations

In 1995, the U.S. EPA promulgated regulations for a subset of hazardous waste. Those rules were set forth in Part 273 of Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). That subset was referred to as Universal Waste (UW). In order to be subject to the Universal Waste regulations, rather than the stricter hazardous waste regulations, the wastes must be destined for recycling. Although the U.S EPA has recognized four Universal Wastes, it allows states to determine if other wastes are regulated as Universal Waste in their states. Montana has adopted 40 CFR 273 and does not recognize any Universal Wastes other than those set forth by the U.S. EPA. The following information provides an overview of the regulations and may help you determine your regulatory status and requirements.

Please review the summary table in the next accordion for a brief synopsis of these requirements.


UW Generator & Small Quantity Handler of UW (SQHUW)

  • Never accumulates more than 5,000 kilograms (11,000 pounds) of UW.
  • May not dispose of UW.
  • May not intentionally dilute or treat UW.
  • Must manage UW so as to prevent releases.
  • Must immediately contain any releases of UW.  If releases are hazardous waste, must manage as hazardous waste.
  • May, within strict limits, crush spent lamps.
  • Must mark containers to identify specific type of UW.
  • May not hold UW for longer than one year unless necessary to facilitate proper recovery.
  • Must demonstrate length of time any UW is in accumulation.
  • Must inform employees regarding proper handling of UW and emergency procedures.
  • May ship only to other UW Handlers, UW Destination Facilities, or foreign destination.
  • Must comply with U.S. DOT shipping requirements.

Large Quantity Handler Of UW (LQHUW)

  • Exceeds 5,000 kilograms (11,000 pounds) of UW in accumulation.
  • May not dispose of UW.
  • May not intentionally dilute or treat UW.
  • May, within strict limits, crush spent lamps.
  • Must notify MT DEQ of activities.
  • Must manage UW so as to prevent releases.
  • Must immediately contain any releases of UW.  If releases are hazardous waste, must manage as hazardous waste.
  • Must mark containers to identify specific type of UW.
  • May not hold UW for longer than one year unless necessary to facilitate proper recovery.
  • Must demonstrate length of time any UW is in accumulation.
  • Must ensure employees are thoroughly familiar with proper UW handling and emergency procedures.
  • May ship UW only to other UW Handlers, UW Destination Facility, or foreign destination.
  • Must comply with U.S. DOT shipping requirements.
  • Must maintain, for at least three years, records of each shipment of UW received at or shipped from facility.

UW Transporter

  • May not dispose of UW.
  • May not intentionally dilute or treat UW.
  • Must comply with U.S. DOT shipping requirements.
  • May not hold shipment at any single transfer site for more than ten days.
  • Must immediately contain any releases.  If releases are hazardous waste, must manage as hazardous waste.
  • May transport UW only to UW Handler, UW Destination Facility, or foreign destination.

UW Transfer Facility

  • If UW is held more than ten days, then must comply with appropriate Small Quantity Handler or Large Quantity Handler requirements.

UW Destination Facility

  • Must comply with requirements for Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage or Disposal Facilities.
  • May ship UW only to other UW Handlers, UW Destination Facilities, or foreign facilities.
  • Must maintain, for at least three years, records for each shipment of UW received.

Electronic Waste (E-Waste)

E-waste includes a wide variety of items such as: cell phones, computers, keyboards, and printers. Many of these items include small bits and pieces of heavy metals. Those metals may cause the e-waste to be regulated as hazardous waste if the items are disposed. However, scrap metal which is recycled, is not considered to be a solid waste, and, is not regulated as a hazardous waste.


Cathode Ray Tubes (CRTs)

Cathode ray tubes (CRTs) are typically recognized as being the picture tubes in older model televisions. CRTs also are used in a variety of diagnostic devices. In many cases, the CRT glass contains enough lead to cause the CRT to be regulated as a hazardous waste if it is disposed. Since the lead is not in the form of bits and pieces of metal, the CRTs are not eligible for the exclusion of scrap metal that is recycled. Therefore, a unique regulatory exclusion was created for CRTs that are recycled.

Please contact your Regional Regulatory Personnel for more information.

Overview of Universal Waste Regulation

(§ are 40 CFR unless otherwise noted, for regulation specifics go to Electronic Code of Federal Regulations)

Universal Waste Requirements

Generators and Small Quantity Handlers of Universal Waste

Large Quantity Handlers of Universal Waste

Universal Waste Transporters and Transfer Facilities

Destination Facilities
Prohibitions May not dispose, treat or dilute waste
§273.11
May not dispose, treat or dilute waste
§273.31
May not dispose, treat or dilute waste
§273.51
Comply with RCRA TSDF Requirements
§273.60(a)
Notifications No Requirements
§273.12
Must notify MT DEQ of activities
§273.32
Comply with DOT Requirements
49 CFR 171 - 180
Comply with RCRA TSDF Requirements
§§273.60(a) - (b)
Waste
Management 
Requirements
Prevent Releases
§§273.13(a) - (d)
Prevent Releases
§§273.33(a) - (d)
Comply with DOT Requirements
§273.52
Comply with RCRA TSDF Requirements
§§273.60(a) - (b)
Labeling and Marketing Identify specific type of UW
§273.14
Identify specific type of UW
§273.34
Comply with DOT Requirements
§273.52
Comply with RCRA TSDF Requirements
§§273.60(a) - (b)
Storage Time Limits One Year Limit
§273.15
One Year Limit
§273.35
TEN DAY LIMIT
§273.53

Comply with RCRA TSDF Requirements
§§273.60(a) - (b)

Employee Training Inform employees of proper handling and emergency responses
§273.16
Ensure employee familiarity with proper handling and emergency
§273.36
Comply with DOT Requirements
49 CFR 171 - 180
Comply with RCRA TSDF Requirements
§§273.60(a) - (b)
Response to Releases Immediately contain releases and properly manage released waste
§273.17
Immediately contain releases and properly manage released waste
§273.37
Immediately contain releases and properly manage released waste
§273.54
Comply with RCRA TSDF Requirements
§§273.60(a) - (b)
Off-Site Shipments Only to other UW Handler, Destination Facility or foreign destination
§§273.18 and 273.20
Only to other UW Handler, Destination Facility or foreign destination
§§273.38 and 273.40
Only to UW Handler, Destination Facility or foreign destination.  Comply with DOT Requirements
§§273.55 - 273.56
Only to UW Handler, Destination Facility or foreign destination
§273.61
Tracking No Requirements
§273.19
Maintain receiving and shipping records for three years
§273.39
Comply with DOT Requirements
§§262 and
49 CFR 173.2
Maintain receiving records for three years
§273.62 (b)

 

A hazardous waste management facility means all contiguous land and structures, other appurtenances, and improvements on the land used for treating, storing, or disposing of hazardous waste. A facility may consist of several treatment, storage, or disposal operational units. These are also referred to as RCRA Permitted Facilities.

Additional information at:

facility picture

Montana has the following twelve permitted facilities:

  1. BNSF Somers Tie Treating Plant
    Somers, Montana
    RCRA Facility Fact Sheet
  2. Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway
    Former Paradise Tie Treating Plant
    Paradise, Montana
    RCRA Facility Fact Sheet
  3. Calumet Montana Refining LLC
    Great Falls, Montana
    RCRA Facility Fact Sheet
  4. CHS Incorporated
    Laurel Refinery
    Laurel, Montana
    RCRA Facility Fact Sheet
  5. ExxonMobil Refining and Supply Company
    Billings Refinery
    Billings, Montana
    RCRA Facility Fact Sheet
  6. Flying J Petroleums Incorporated
    Former Cut Bank Refinery
    Cut Bank, Montana
    RCRA Facility Fact Sheet
  7. Loveland Products, Inc. (Transbas Incorporated)
    Billings, Montana
    RCRA Facility Fact Sheet
  8. Malmstrom Air Force Base
    Great Falls, Montana
    RCRA Facility Fact Sheet
  9. Montana State University
    Bozeman, Montana
    RCRA Facility Fact Sheet
  10. Onyx Environmental
    Butte, Montana
    RCRA Facility Fact Sheet
  11. Phillips 66 Company 
    Billings Land Treatment Unit
    Billings, Montana
    RCRA Facility Fact Sheet
  12. Phillips 66 Company
    Billings Refinery
    Billings, Montana
    RCRA Facility Fact Sheet

 

The links below take you to the specific statutes and rules that set forth the requirements for the proper management of hazardous waste and used oil in Montana.

Montana Code Annotated

Administrative Rules of Montana

Code of Federal Regulations

Registration Act Summary

Montana has a statute (75-10-451 MCA) that imposes an additional requirement on the handlers of certain solvents.  Those solvents are known as halogenated solvents.  Some common names for those solvents are:  Methylene Chloride, Tetrachloroethylene (aka Perchloroethylene), Trichloroethylene, and various Trichloroethanes. 

Some common solvents which are not halogenated solvents are:  Acetone, Ethyl Alcohol (Ethanol), Methyl Alcohol (Methanol, Methyl Ethyl Ketone), Stoddard Solvent (mineral spirits), and Toluene.

Anyone who sells, buys, or uses more than 20 gallons of halogenated solvent in any year must register with the Montana Department of Environmental Quality.  The no-fee registration may be accomplished by submitting a completed Halogenated Solvent User Registration Form.  A company that has multiple sites is not required to obtain a halogenated solvent user registration number for each site.  Multiple cards for the same registration will be issued upon request.