Resource recovery is always a component of recycling. However, not all recycling is resource recovery. The processing of recyclables to either (a) extract or recover materials/resources, or (b) convert to energy, is considered resource recovery.
These activities are performed at a resource recovery facility.
ARM 17.50.403(40) defines Resource Recovery as follows:
- 'Resource recovery' means the recovery of material or energy from solid waste.
Further, resource recover facility and resource recovery system are further defined as follows:
- ARM 17.50.403(41) 'Resource recovery facility' means a facility at which solid waste is processed for the purpose of extracting, converting to energy, or otherwise separating and preparing solid waste for reuse; and,
- ARM 17.50.403(42) 'Resource recover system' means a solid waste management system which provides for the collection, separation, recycling, or recover of solid wastes, including disposal of nonrecoverable waste residues.