Dingman (1932) and Lyden (1948) discuss placers located along the west fork of the Madison River in Madison County. Wolle (1963) does not mention the Madison mining district. As defined by the AMRB (1994) the district includes the rugged terrain of the Madison Mountain range.
The Madison district is to the east of both Virginia City and Ennis. The area contains some of the most rugged mountain terrain in Montana. Little or no mineral development has been documented in the historic mining literature. Whether this is due to a lack of mineralization or from problems associated with transportation is not known.
The district serves as a geographic place holder separating more active districts (Figure 1).
BOUNDARIES OF THE DISTRICT
Neither Lyden (1948) nor Sahinen (1935) place the district in their overviews of Montana mining. Dingman (1932) however, briefly describes the district as located at the south end of the Gravelly Range, 35 miles southeast of Virginia City.
HISTORIES OF SELECTED MINES
No mines are discussed in the literature within this area.
Abandoned Mine Reclamation Bureau (AMRB)
1994 Mining districts of Montana. Maps 1:100,000 and Map #94-NRIS-129. Compiled and edited by Joel Chavez. Prepared by Montana State Library Natural Resource Information System (NRIS) for Montana Department of State Lands. Helena
Cope, George F. (compiler)
1888 Statistical and Descriptive Report upon the Mines of Madison County, Montana. Typed copy made at Montana School of Mines, Butte, 1936.
Dingman, Oscar A.
1932 "Placer Mining in Montana", Montana Bureau of Mines Memoir #32; reprinted in Mines Magazine. Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 13, 17-18.
Lyden, Charles J.
1948 "The Gold Placers of Montana", Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology Memoir 26. Montana School of Mines, Butte.
Sahinen, Uuno M.
1935 "Mining Districts of Montana", Thesis, Montana School of Mines, Butte.
Sant, Mark B.
1994 "Cultural Resources Class III Inventory Report Warm Springs Land Exchange Beaverhead and Madison Counties, Montana", BLM Report No. 93-MT-070-076-064, Dillon.
Wolle, Muriel Sibell
1963 Montana Pay Dirt. Sage Books, Athens, Ohio.