Net Metering and Easements
Net-metering is a special installation that allows any surplus energy generated by the customer’s system to go back on the utility electric system and allows the customer to receive "credit" at retail rates for the electricity put back on the system. The customer’s meter measures the electricity the customer uses from the utility system less the electricity the customer’s system puts back.
Net-metering is available on the NorthWestern Energy and the Montana-Dakota Utilities systems. Renewable installations of less than 50 kW capacity are eligible for net metering on NWE’s system. You can get further information by contacting John Campbell, NorthWestern Energy (406-497-3364) or see NWE's interconnection agreement at its website. For information on net metering on the MDU system, contact Karl Tammar, Montana-Dakota Utilities (701-222-7674). Rural electric cooperatives members should contact their cooperative’s office to see if net-metering is available.
Montana law allows the creation of easements to protect solar and wind rights. You will need to negotiate with neighboring property owners for these easements.
An easement to protect the exposure of a solar energy device must be created in writing and is subject to the same conveyancing and instrument recording requirements as other easements on real property. An instrument creating a solar easement must specify at least:
1. the vertical and horizontal angles, expressed in degrees, at which
the solar easement extends over the real property subject to the solar
2. any terms or conditions under which the solar easement is granted or will
Authority: 70-17-301 et seq. MCA
A wind easement is an interest in real property. A property owner may grant a wind easement in the same manner and with the same effect as the conveyance of an interest in real property. The wind easement runs with the real property on and over which the wind resource flows and may not be severed from the property. A wind easement doesn’t affect rights belonging to or the dominance of the mineral estate. It is not an easement or grant of right of way for transmission lines.
Authority: 70-17-401 et seq. MCA